Listopad 2010

Leopards

9. listopadu 2010 v 19:55
Leopard

Repreduction and there life cycle!<33

8. listopadu 2010 v 19:27
Depending on the region, leopards may mate all year round (Asia and Africa) or seasonally during January and February (Manchuria and Siberia). The estrous cycle lasts about 46 days and the female usually is in heat for 6-7 days.[32] Gestation lasts for 90-105 days.[17] Cubs are usually born in a litter of 2-4 cubs,[33] but usually no more than 1-2 cubs survive their first year as the infant mortality rate is between 40 to 50 percent.[15]
Females give birth in a cave, crevice among boulders, hollow tree, or thicket to make a den. Cubs are born with closed eyes, which open four to nine days after birth.[34] The fur of the young tends to be longer and thicker than that of adults. Their pelage is also more gray in color with less defined spots. Around three months of age, the young begin to follow the mother out on hunts. At one year of age, leopard young can probably fend for themselves, but they remain with the mother for 18-24 months.[23]
Leopards have been reported to reach 21 years of age in captivity.[35]

Diet and Hunting!:)

8. listopadu 2010 v 19:23
Leopards are versatile, opportunistic hunters. In the open savanna, they are most successful when hunting between sunset and sunrise, though they may hunt during the day, especially in forest areas when they have the advantage of being hidden by dense brush or cloudy skies.[15] The leopard stalks its prey silently and at the last minute pounces on its prey and strangles its throat with a quick bite. Leopards often hide their kills in dense vegetation or take them up trees,[27] and are capable of carrying animals up to three times their own weight this way.[15] The leopard is the only big cat known to carry its prey up into a tree.
Leopards have relatively flexible dietary needs and generally feed on a greater diversity of prey compared to other members of the Panthera species.[15] Although mid-sized animals are preferred, the leopard will eat anything from dung beetles to 900 kg (1,984 lb) male giant elands.[15] Their diet consists mostly of ungulates and monkeys, but rodents, reptiles, amphibians, insects, birds and fish are also eaten.[28] One survey of nearly 30 research papers conducted by Hayward et al. (2006) found preferred prey weights of 10 to 40 kg (22-88 lb), with 25 kg (55 lb) most preferred. Along with impala and chital, a preference for bushbuck and common duiker was found. Other prey selection factors include a preference for prey in small herds, in dense habitat, and those that afford the predator a low risk of injury.[29]
In Africa, mid-sized antelopes provide a majority of the leopard's prey, especially impala and Thomson's gazelles.[27] In Asia, the leopard preys on deer such as chitals and muntjacs, as well as various Asian antelopes and ibex. Prey preference estimates in southern India showed that the most favored prey of the leopard was the Chital.[30] A study at the Wolong Reserve in China revealed how adaptable the leopard's hunting behaviour is: over the course of seven years the vegetative cover receded, and the animals opportunistically shifted from primarily consuming tufted deer to instead pursuing bamboo rats and other smaller prey.[31]

Leopards subspecies

6. listopadu 2010 v 22:02
A morphological analysis of characters of leopard skulls implies the validity of two more subspecies:[14]:
           

Cute photos of different subspecies!! :)

3. listopadu 2010 v 20:12

       
         

All about the adored leopards

3. listopadu 2010 v 19:40
The leopard (pronounced), Panthera pardus, is a member of the Felidae family and the smallest of the four large cats in the denus Panthera, the other three being the tiger, lion and jaguar. Once distributed across eastern and southern Asia and Africa, from Siberia to South Africa, the leopard's range of distribution has decreased radically because of hunting and loss of habitat. It is now chiefly found in sub-Saharan Africa; there are also fragmented populations in Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Indochina, Malaysia, and China. Because of its declining range and population, it is listed as a "Near Threatened" species by the IUCN.[2]
Compared to other members of the Felidae family, the leopard has relatively short legs and a long body with a large skull. It is similar in appearance to the jaguar, but is smaller and more slightly built. Its fur is marked with rosettes similar to those of the jaguar, but the leopard's rosettes are smaller and more densely packed, and do not usually have central spots as the jaguars do. Both leopards and jaguars that are melanistic (completely black or very dark) are known as black panters.
The species' success in the wild is in part due to its opportunistic hunting behavior, its adaptability to habitats, its ability to run at speeds approaching 58 kilometres per hour (36 mph), its unequaled ability to climb trees even when carrying a heavy carcass,[3] and its notorious ability for stealth. The leopard consumes virtually any animal it can hunt down and catch.  habitat ranges from rai (rainforest)